Spinal deformities and Hippocratic Medicine

Spinal deformities and Hippocratic Medicine

The word Scoliosis (Scoliosis) comes from the ancient Greek word crooked = perverse, wry (verb skolioumai = get crooked path). first the Hippocrates (460 - 375 B.C.) used the terms 'Skoliosis', 'Kyfosis', 'Lordosis', to describe the deformations of the spine.

Hippocrates describes the scoliosis and deformities and the effects these have on the overall health status. For people who have experienced neo and not finished their skeletal maturation states that if ivos located above the bulkhead, This can cause breathing problems as there is not complete unfolding of the chest, He observed that still may exist and display the neck that lead to problems in the pharynx. Where ivos was below the level of the diaphragm indicates that problems may occur in the kidney of Service and Service bladder.

One of the responses of deformations of the spine was the use of a scale on which the patient was hanging in order to induce attraction vertebral. Hippocrates says that this way in some cases may lead to improving the deformation. But he was opposed to the use of scale made by other doctors, in a public place for show, Where the patient is allowed violently hung one or more times. He thought that was a dangerous practice an effective and characterizes those who applied as charlatans. From Hippocrates project not saving it schematic representation of this scale, but in the later work of Apollonius of Citium lists shapes of Hippocrates scale.

Hippocratic Ladder

Hippocrates suggested if it were using the scale if the ivos was tall chest, placing the patient was to head upwards while if ivos was the lumbar spine the patient should be placed with the head down.

Another device is described by Hippocrates to address spinal deformities was a bed with rollers. The patient is tied up in the bed - the bench in order to apply appropriate forces that would reduce the deformation. Simultaneously it was possible through the pulleys to apply traction along the spinal column. The doctor could with his hands or by using a plank to push the neo in the direction he had chosen.

Hippocratic bench

The therapeutic approach described above is followed then by later healers such Galen.

It is worth noting that even today there are inspiring, contemporary styles devices using pull spondilikis column as a means of treating and relieving symptoms.

Regarding spondilikis column deformities (scoliosis - kyphosis - lordosis) the Special Physiotherapy Exercises Scoliosis (PSSE) as Schroth and SEAS use elongation (elongation) of the spine active and maintain this position as a basis for the commencement exercises. The pressure of ivon's kind of a practice today or when using a brace or as part of a therapeutic exercise. On Schroth exercises for example when placements are made on the ground malixarakia used to pushing HBCD in the desired direction.


On the Articulations: Hippocrates. Translated by Francis Adams, University of Adelaide Library

Hippocrates, Asulanus, Franciscus . Complete Works of Hippocrates - Omnia opera Hippocratis: About Articles Venetiis in aedibus Aldi, Andrews & Asulani Soceri, MDXXVI

Apollonios of Kition,(50BC) Peri Arthron, p. 23, ed. clean

and the excellent article

Elias S Vasiliadis, Theodoros B Grivas and Angelos Kaspiris. 2009. Historical overview of spinal deformities in ancient Greece. Scoliosis 2009, 4:6 doi:10.1186/1748-7161-4-6

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